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PROVINCIAL General Finishes Wood Stain GALLON (water based)

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Description

General Finishes Water Based Stains are formulated to provide workability similar to oil-based stains, now made with more than 50% RENEWABLE RESOURCES formulated from sustainable materials that decrease the carbon footprint.  They spread easily, can be repaired, blend effortlessly and have plenty of open time. Their high-quality pigments produce rich, dark, uniform colors on hard-to-stain woods like maple and pine. Low odor, low VOC, water cleanup and noncombustible.

 

 

General Finishes Graphite Stain Application Steps

 

  1. Watch product overview video here.
  2. Watch the application video here.
  3. Work in a well-ventilated area.
  4. Stir stain to reincorporate solids that have settled to the bottom of the can before and throughout the application process.
  5. Thin as desired with distilled water; start with 5%, adding up to 10% by volume. 
  6. Increase open time, if needed, with up to 5% General Finishes Extender if allowed by local regulations. GF Extender will improve flow and leveling and increase open time, which is helpful in dry climates. California Residents: Adding more than 2% of GF Extender will make the products non-compliant per SCAQMD Regulations. GF assumes no liability for the improper use of these products.    
  7. An initial coat of General Finishes Pre-Stain Conditioner Natural can improve color uniformity over difficult-to-stain wood species such as pine. However, it will limit color absorption, so a darker stain may be required to get the depth of color you want. NOTES on softwoods such as Pine, Pawlonia, or Poplar, the use of Pre-Stain Conditioner will reduce blotchiness but not remove it entirely.
  8. Test your complete finishing process beforehand. Stain color can be affected by variances in wood, room lighting, and deepened with the application of topcoat.  
  9. Surface preparation is essential. See "Step 1: Preparation for Water Based Wood Stain."
  10. Divide your project into manageable sections: top, side, drawer, door, table seam.

 


8. Apply product: 

Hand-Application over Raw Wood:

 

  • Apply a LIBERAL amount of stain to ensure easy workability using a synthetic bristle brush, foam brush, pad applicator, staining pad or microfiber roller. Work quickly.
    If not enough stain is used, the surface may dry too quickly, causing an uneven appearance.
    On large projects, leave a wet edge between sections to prevent lap lines.
  • Stain one complete section at a time.
  • Wipe off the excess evenly with the grain using cloth or an absorbent paper towel. Check for missed spots and lap marks before moving to the next section.
    Do NOT use cotton t-shirts to wipe away stain because they will "push" the stain around and not absorb it.
  • Pull excess stain out of corners and details with a synthetic bristle brush.
  • Immediately correct lap marks by rewetting the entire working area with stain and wiping off the excess.
  • Let the stain dry 2+ hours in ideal conditions when using a WATER-BASED topcoat: 50-70% humidity, 70*F/20*C before adding a second coat (optional) and before adding topcoat. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. If in doubt, wait longer. When using with an OIL-BASED topcoat, allow 24 hours dry time.
    Increase dry time if: 
    • Humidity is over 80%
    • 3+ coats are applied (not recommended)
    • Thick coats are applied
    • increase to 24 hours if applying an oil-based topcoat
    • To accelerate dry time in humid conditions, add General Finishes Accelerator before applying and work in a space with good ventilation and air movement. If you decide to re-coat before the recommended time, test dryness. 

 

Spray Application over Raw Wood: 

 

  • Before spraying, strain topcoat through a fine-mesh filter.
  • Safety: Wear a full filter respirator (NIOSH/MSHA-approved) and work in a ventilated space.
  • Spray wet films at 3-5-mil thickness. HVLP: 1.1mm-1.3mm spray tip, medium air cap. Verify tip sizes with your equipment supplier. See our general guide for spray tip sizes.
    Keep your gun at a 90* angle, 6-8" from the surface. On large, flat areas, use wet, even patterns 6-8" wide.
    For narrow surfaces, reduce the fan pattern to 2-3" wide to reduce overspray. 
    Overlap each pass 25-50% for even coverage. Read here for more information on spraying techniques.
  • Apply section by section. Spray liberally to a complete section and wipe off the excess evenly with the grain using quality paper towel or shop towel. Check for missed spots and lap marks before moving to the next section. Do NOT use cotton t-shirts to wipe away stain because they will "push" the stain around and not absorb it.
  • Spray a LIBERAL amount of stain to ensure easy workability. If not enough stain is used, the surface may dry too quickly, causing an uneven appearance. On large projects, leave a wet edge between sections to prevent lap lines during application.
  • Pull excess stain out of corners and details with a bristle brush.
  • Immediately correct lap marks by rewetting the entire working area with stain and wiping off the excess.
  • Let the stain dry 2+ hours in ideal conditions: 50-70% humidity, 70°F/20°C before adding a second coat (optional) and before adding topcoat. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. If in doubt, wait longer. Increase dry time if: 
    • Humidity is over 80%
    • 3+ coats are applied (not recommended)
    • Thick coats are applied
    • To accelerate dry time in humid conditions, add General Finishes Accelerator before applying and work in a space with good ventilation and air movement. If you decide to re-coat before the recommended time, test dryness. 

 

Hand-Application over Existing Finish:
See our video: How to Update Existing Finishes with Water Based Wood Stain

 

  • Stir contents well.
  • Prepare surface well. See Existing Finish Prep instructions in "Step 1: Preparation for Water Based Wood Stain."
  • Apply stain with a foam brush or staining pad. Feather out uneven areas and pull excess stain from corners using a bristle brush. Discharge accumulated stain from the brush onto a dry paper towel as you work.
  • Let the stain dry 2+ hours before GF water-based topcoat in ideal conditions: 50-70% humidity, 70*F/20*C before applying a second coat (optional) and before applying topcoat. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. If in doubt, wait longer.
    Increase dry time if: 
    • Humidity is over 80%
    • 3+ coats are applied (not recommended)
    • Thick coats are applied
    • Applying over products from other brands
    • Layering General Finishes water- and oil-based products:
      • Water over oil: Let oil-based products dry 72+hr before applying water-based products
      • Oil over water: Let water-based products dry 24+hr before applying oil-based products
    • To accelerate dry time in humid conditions, add General Finishes Accelerator before applying and work in a space with good ventilation and air movement. If you decide to re-coat before the recommended time, test dryness.

 

  1. Topcoat is required. Finish with 3 coats of General Finishes topcoat. You can remove any grain raise after applying the first coat of topcoat. Watch this video for more information on grain raise. See "Step 3: Topcoat Over Water-Based Stain."

 

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